You need to upgrade your Flash Player.

Version 8 or higher is required.

download from http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer

"Sandra Brown, M.A." Articles

Relationship Articles Read her articles Here

Relationship Articles

Abuse Articles
Are They An Anti-Social Emotional Vampire?
Are You In An Abusive Relationship?
Breaking Free of Explotive Relationships: TRAUMA
Characteristics of a Misogynist
CHECKLIST: Are You A Victim Of Abuse?
CONTROL FREAKS: Trampling Privacy & Boundaries
Domestic Violence and Women with Disabilities
Emotional Abuse Causes Depression
Emotional Rape Syndrome
Father butchers wife & stabs 8 yr old son, WA
Favorite Phrases of a "Player"
From The Abuser's Point of View
How 'They' View Their World
How Borderlines Abuse Others
I Thought Everything Was My Fault
In Sheep's Clothing: Covert-Aggression
Is He Abusive? (Characteristics)
Is He Really Changing? How Can I Tell?
Is Your Partner A Narcissist?
Jerks who fuck with your mind
Let Go of Abuse-Coping Behaviors Holding You Back
Sex Addict Behaviors
Signs of Emotional Abuse
The Boiling Frog
The Devaluation Funhouse
Traumatic Bonding: The Betrayal Bond
Verbal Abuse As Damaging As Physical Abuse
Warning Signs of an Abusive Personality
What To Do When Your 'Worm' Comes Crawling Back
When You Keep Thinking And Hoping He'll Change
When Your Perfect Partner Goes Perfectly WRONG
Will The Games End When I Leave?
You Are Nothing But An Object....
Cheating Statistics
American Sex Lives-2004 ABC Airing
Why Men Cheat
Dating Advice
Bad Relationships - How did I get so stupid?
How To Spot A Married Man on a Dating Site
If he doesn't call, it means...
Signs she is about to dump you
You Think He'll be Different with You
Dealing With An Abuser During the Divorce
Divorce Statistics
Hiring An Attorney
How to Win When Facing Divorce
Japan's Divorce Rate Hits All Time High
What Is Mental Cruelty?
Your REAL Chance of Divorce
Gender Difference Studies
How Male and Female Brains Differ
Men Lie More Than Women?
General Relationship Articles
Are You Addicted to Bad Relationships?
Confusing Love With Obsession
DENIAL: What is it? What does it look like?
Emotional Dynamics in Dysfunctional Relationships
Getting the Attention you Want
How Can I Help The Bordeline In My Life
Oprah's Opinion about Men
Pornography Addiction - The Progression
The (How Not To Be A) Bad Lover List
What is Emotional Rape
Women & The Disease to Please
Healthy Relationship Articles
Basic Needs in Relationships
Keys to a Healthy Relationship
Meeting Your Partner's Needs
What is REAL Love?
What is REAL Love? Part II
You Deserve a GOOD BOY!
Internet Cheating Articles
Are You A Victim of Sweetheart Fraud?
Bi-Polars and Internet Relationships
Can You Surf Without Wiping Out?
Cyber Cheating - A Growing Cause of Divorce
Dating Sites Sued for Fraud
Gordon B. Hinkley, Pres. LDS Church (The Mormons)
How To Seduce Women Online
Is Cybersex Cheating?
Online Dating Attracts Married Folks
Profile of the Mental Rapist
Red Flags to Watch Out for When On-Line Dating
Serial "Web Romeo" Sued Over Kooky Come-Ons
The Cyber Lothario
The Cyber-Narcissist
The Lures of the Online Predator
The Online Disinhibition Effect
Virtual Relationships & Online Betrayals
Warnings Signs of Love/Sex/Cybersex Addictions
We Just Clicked
Marriage Articles
Marrying Later in Life Lessens Chances of Divorce
Medical Articles
Adult Immunizations
All About AntiDepressants
Bariatric Surgery/Gastric Bypass
Epileptic Seizures
Herbal Remedies
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
LASIK and other refractive surgeries
Social Anxiety Disorder
Suicide Information
The Physical Symptoms of Depression
The Pill & Breast Cancer?
Urinary Tract Infections
Viagra/Levitra/Cialis - Long Term Effects?
What is depersonalization disorder?
What Is Shared Psychotic Disorder?
When Someone Threatens Suicide
Women & Depression
Men's Advice for Women
Men's Top 10 Rules for Women
The Art of Seduction (How they do it)
Men's Relationship Articles
Breaking Up Is Hard On Men, Too
Domestic Abuse Against Men
What Porn Teaches Men About Women
Cyberstalking in the 21st Century
Did You Have An Emotionally Abusive Mother?
How to Deal With an Overbearing Mother
How To Pass A Lie Detector Test
IDENTITY THEFT: Protect Yourself!
Is It Legal to Expose a Cheater or Abuser Online?
Man Convicted for having Sex with Cows
Man dies from ruptured colon from sex with horse
Man gets the ULTIMATE Revenge!
MySpace & Related Sites: Safety Tips
New 3' Human
The Heavy Cost of Chronic Stress
There's No Excuse to Avoid Counseling
You Can't Fight Depression On Your Own
A drug that induces love may be in the near future
Japanese Develop "Female" Android
National Singles Week Sept 21-27
Online Dating Sites Sued for Fraud
Rape Statistics
Rape Facts & Statistics
Rape Survival, Defense and Healing
The Facts & Statistics about Rape
Sex Articles
Porn Use and Sex Crimes
What Are Paraphilias?
Sex Laws
Worldwide Sexual Age of Consent Chart
Sexual Infidelity Articles
Cake Men (Men who want their cake & to eat it too)
Don't Have an Affair with a Married Man
Infidelity - A Form of Abuse
Prostitution Flourishes Online
test article
The "Other Woman" - What's she like?
The Monogamy Myth
Why Spouses Stray
Why Women Cheat
You're Joined the Adulterers Club!
Single Women
Best Cities in America for Singles
How to Life a Romantic Life Without a Relationship
Japanese women staying single by the droves
More Single Women, than Married in NYC
Single By Choice
Single Mother's in US sky rockets
Single Women Have 35% of Babies
Surviving Infidelity
5 Things You SHOULDN'T DO If He's Cheating On You
Comparisons With the Other Woman
Emotional Detachment
Falling Apart Safely After the Break-Up
Keys to Personal Recovery
Some Thoughts on Healing from the Relationship
The "Need to Know"
Top 10 Reasons to Expose A Cheater or Abuser
When Your Perfect Partner Goes Perfectly Wrong
Websites that help cheaters
Ashley Madison: When Monogamy Becomes Monotony
Fast Seduction
Meet 2 Cheat!
Secrets of Sexual Addiction
The Erotic Review (TER)
Website helps men cheat on their partners
Women Over 40
Andy Rooney's View of Women Over 40
Written or quoted by Little Miss WomanSaver
7 Signs of How to Tell if It's Just a Spring Break
Show Instead of Tell
LASIK and other refractive surgeries

LASIK and other refractive surgeries: Say good-bye to eyeglasses

Considering surgery to correct your vision? Explore three procedures that can restore your eyesight.

If you wear glasses or contact lenses, you might be interested in surgery to correct your vision. Keep in mind, though, that as much as you might like to toss out your glasses or put an end to the daily ritual of inserting and removing your contact lenses, surgery to correct vision problems isn't for everyone.

Familiarize yourself with the procedures eye doctors use to correct vision problems and the risks and benefits of each. Then discuss your options with your doctor to help you decide whether refractive eye surgery is for you.

What is refractive eye surgery?


Eye anatomy Eye anatomy

Refractive eye surgery is a surgical procedure to change the way your eye refracts light. As light rays enter your eye, your cornea and lens bend (refract) the rays to focus them on the back of your eye your retina. If you have a refractive error, your eye is shaped in such a way that light rays aren't sharply focused on your retina.

During refractive surgery, your cornea is reshaped. Your cornea can be flattened or steepened based on your specific vision problems. Refractive surgery is usually considered an elective surgery which means it isn't vital to your health and well-being. For this reason, Medicare and most insurance companies won't cover the cost of the surgery.

Who can have refractive eye surgery?

Refractive eye surgery is for people with certain refractive errors in their vision, such as:

* Nearsightedness (myopia). Nearsightedness is the most common refractive error. It generally occurs when your eye is slightly larger than the average-size eye. It can also be caused by a cornea that is too curved. Nearsightedness causes light rays to focus in front of your retina, rather than right on it, causing blurry distant vision.

* Farsightedness (hyperopia). Farsightedness affects near vision. It generally occurs when your eye is slightly smaller than the average-size eye. It can also be caused by a cornea that's too flat. Farsightedness causes light rays to focus beyond the retina, rather than right on it, causing blurry vision.

* Astigmatism. Astigmatism makes it difficult to see objects at any distance. It's caused by a cornea that's uneven curving and flattening in different spots on your eye.

Refractive surgery can't correct or prevent presbyopia a type of refractive error that is common as you age. Most people in their 40s have some signs of presbyopia, including difficulty reading or doing up close work. If you're approaching your 40s or if you already have presbyopia, keep in mind that refractive surgery may give you clear distance vision, but it might make it even more difficult for you to see objects close up.

To avoid this, you might choose to have your vision corrected to give you monovision. With monovision, one eye is corrected to see objects far away and your other eye is corrected to see close objects. Some people can adjust to this whereas others can't. You can also choose to wear glasses solely for reading or other close up work. Ask your eye doctor about your options if you have presbyopia.

Your eye doctor will likely recommend that you try other ways of correcting your vision before you turn to surgery. Glasses or contact lenses are usually your first option. Some people might have only mild refractive errors that don't require vision correction.


* Nearsightedness overview

* Farsightedness overview

* Astigmatism overview

* Presbyopia overview

* Contact lenses: What to know before you buy

What might disqualify you from having refractive surgery?

Not everyone with a refractive error is a candidate for refractive surgery. Whether surgery is right for you is also based on:

* Your general health. Certain diseases or conditions might make it difficult for your eyes to heal after surgery. Diseases that affect your immune system, such as autoimmune and immunodeficiency diseases, affect your ability to heal. One example is rheumatoid arthritis.

* Your eye health. Eye diseases and conditions that make your eyes dry can make it difficult for your eyes to heal after surgery. Examples include Sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis. Abnormally shaped corneas may make surgery more difficult to perform.

* The stability of your vision. The degree of refractive error in your eye must be stable. If your vision is fluctuating or progressively worsening, you may not be eligible for refractive surgery. Women who are pregnant or breast feeding, for example, usually have fluctuating degrees of refractive error.

* Other factors. Your eye doctor will take into account additional factors. For example, deep-set eyes may make the surgery more difficult and risky.

To determine whether you're a candidate for refractive surgery, your eye doctor will conduct an in-depth eye exam to determine the degree of your refractive error, the shape of your corneas and the general health of your eyes. Talk with your eye doctor about certain aspects of your eyes that might influence whether you're eligible for refractive surgery.


* Dry eyes overview

* Eye exams: What to expect

What types of refractive eye surgery are available?

Several surgical procedures are available if you have a refractive error in your vision. What type of surgery you choose will depend on the type and degree of refractive error that you have. Get to know the common types of refractive surgery and discuss your options with your eye doctor.

Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)

LASIK is the most common refractive eye surgery. You might choose LASIK if you're nearsighted or farsighted, with or without astigmatism. LASIK is performed using a laser programmed to remove a defined amount of tissue from your cornea. With each pulse of the laser beam, a tiny amount of corneal tissue is removed. The laser allows your eye surgeon to flatten the curve of your cornea or make it steeper.

During the LASIK procedure, your eye surgeon uses a special blade or special cutting laser to cut a hinged flap about the size of a contact lens away from the front of your eye. Folding back the flap allows your doctor to access the tissue in your cornea that needs reshaping. Using a laser, your eye surgeon then targets specific parts of your cornea. The flap is then folded back into place and usually heals on its own without stitches.

Your eye doctor determines which specific areas of your cornea need to be flattened or curved during your eye exam. This allows your eye doctor to chart your eye and remove tissue from your cornea very precisely.

You will receive an anesthetic to numb your eye during the LASIK procedure, which helps ensure you'll experience little pain. You may be given medication or eyedrops after the procedure to soothe any pain you might have for several hours after your surgery. Your eye doctor might also ask you to wear a shield over your eye at night until your eye heals. You might have the option of having LASIK on both eyes on the same day.

Typically you're able to see the day of your surgery, but your vision won't necessarily be better right away. Expect your vision to improve over the next two to three months. Most people who have refractive surgery will have vision that is close to 20/20. Your chances for improved vision are based, in part, on how well your eyes saw before surgery.

Laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK)

LASEK is similar to LASIK and might be an option if you aren't eligible for LASIK. During a LASEK procedure, a much thinner layer of your cornea is folded back to allow the laser to focus on parts of your cornea that need reshaping. The flap is then replaced.

If you have very thin corneas, you might choose LASEK because the procedure allows your doctor to cut out less of your cornea. People who play sports or have jobs that carry a high risk of eye injuries might also prefer LASEK because a thinner flap means less damage to your vision should the flap be torn before it can heal. As with LASIK, the LASEK procedure can be done on both eyes on the same day. Expect your vision to take time to recover it may take several months.

Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)

PRK is sometimes used if you have a low-to-moderate degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness, or if you have nearsightedness with astigmatism. With PRK a thin layer on the surface of your cornea is removed. Unlike with a LASIK or LASEK procedure, this layer isn't replaced during PRK. Your eye surgeon uses a laser to flatten your cornea or make its curve steeper.

The raw surface of your cornea repairs itself, assisted by a contact lens you wear as a bandage over your eye for three or four days after surgery. You might have eye pain for a few days until your cornea heals. It generally takes up to a week for your eye to regenerate the surface tissue that was removed. During this time you'll notice changes in your vision. It may take three to six months before your vision improves completely. Most people undergoing PRK have one eye done at a time. After your first eye has healed, you might consider having surgery on your other eye.

PRK has become less common in recent years because more eye surgeons prefer the LASIK procedure. Healing after LASIK is more predictable and usually involves less discomfort and scarring.

Other types of surgery

Other types of refractive surgery exist, although LASIK, LASEK and PRK are the most popular. Talk to your doctor about what types of refractive surgery are available to you. If you have severe refractive errors, your eye doctor may propose more than one type of surgery to help you regain your vision.

What are the risks and benefits of refractive eye surgery?

Refractive surgery can offer you improved vision without the hassle of glasses or contact lenses. In general, you have a very high chance of achieving 20/40 vision or better after refractive surgery. About 85 percent of people who've undergone refractive surgery no longer need to depend on their glasses or contact lenses most of the time.

Your results will depend on your specific refractive error and other factors. People with a low grade of nearsightedness tend to have the most success with refractive surgery. People with a high degree of farsightedness along with astigmatism have the least predictable results.

As with any surgery, refractive surgery carries risks, including:

* Undercorrections. If the laser removes too little tissue from your eye, you won't get the vision results you were hoping for. Undercorrections are more common for people who are nearsighted. It may require another refractive surgery within a year to remove more tissue.

* Overcorrections. It's also possible that the laser will remove too much tissue from your eye. Overcorrections may be more difficult to fix than undercorrections.

* Astigmatism. Astigmatism can be caused by uneven tissue removal. This sometimes occurs if your eye moves too much during surgery. It may require additional surgery.

* Glare, halos and double vision. After surgery you may have difficulty seeing at night. You might notice glare, halos around bright lights or double vision. Sometimes these signs and symptoms can be treated with an eyedrop that contains a type of cortisone, but sometimes a second surgery is required.

* Dry eyes. As your eyes regenerate the nerves cut during surgery, your eyes might feel dry for the first six months or so. Your eye doctor might recommend that you use eyedrops during this time. More severe cases of dry eye may require special plugs for your tear ducts to prevent your tears from draining away from the surface of your eyes. Keeping the tears on the surface of your eyes for a longer time will help keep them moist and more comfortable.

* Flap problems. Flaps folded back during surgery and then replaced after surgery can cause complications, including infection, tearing and swelling. The flap removed during PRK may grow back abnormally.

Talk to your doctor about your concerns. He or she can explain the risks that are most likely to affect you.

Considering refractive eye surgery

As you make your decision whether to have refractive eye surgery, consider the benefits and the risks. Also consider the cost of surgery. Most importantly, discuss your decision and your concerns with your eye doctor. He or she can help you decide if refractive surgery is right for you.

* All break up and relationship articles are the property of their owners. All WomanSavers relationship articles are copyright of the individual authors, unless specified. http://www.WomanSavers.com is not responsible or liable for the accuracy and/or content of the women's relationship and break up articles displayed on this site. Submitted relationship articles for women to be included, but not limited, to the categories of: relationship articles, break up articles, abuse articles, cheating statistics, dating advice articles, divorce articles, gender difference studies, healthy relationship articles, internet cheating articles, marriage articles, medical articles, men's advice for women, men's relationship articles, miscellaneous articles, relationship news articles, rape statistics articles, sex articles, sex laws, sexual infidelity articles, single women articles, surviving infidelity articles, websites that help cheaters, women over 40.

Abusive Husbands | Abusive Men Signs | Adultery and Alcoholism | Adultery Prone Men | Adultery Statistics | Avoiding Dangerous Men
Break Up Advice | Cheater Websites | Cheating Boyfriends | Cheating Husbands | Cheating Infidelity Statistics |Cheating Man Signs
Cheating Recovery | Cheating Spouse | Dangerous Man | Dangerous Relationships | Dating Expert | Emotional Infidelity | Extramarital Affair
Find Safe Love | How to Get a Date | Infidelity | Infidelity Expert | Infidelity Proof | Infidelity Recovery | Internet Relationships | Make Violence Stop
Men Cheaters |Online Dating Expert | Politicians Who Cheat | Relationship Expert | Relationship Grief | Relationship Red Flags
Relationship Selection | Rushing Relationships | Safe Online Dating | Sexual Addiction | Sexual Abuse | Sociopath Narcissist | Spot Abusive Men
Stalking In Relationships | Surviving Adultery | Surviving Infidelity | Understanding Men | Unfaithful Men Fantasy
Unfaithful Men | Why Guys Cheat | Why Men Cheat | Why Men Have Affairs

Website Links
Abusive Men | Articles for Women | Catch a Cheater | Cheating Statistics | Comedy for Womedy: Cartoon
Comedy for Women: Text | FAQ | Funny E-cards | Funny Quotes | Funny Videos
| Infidelity Expert | Infidelity Polls | Infidelity Stories
Infidelity Testimonials | Forum for Women | Online Dating Infidelity Book | Privacy | Rate-A-Guy | Relationship Articles | Relationship Astrology Relationship Expert Bio | Relationship Polls | Relationship Quizzes | Support For Women | Terms of Use | Why Women Cheat Womens Advertising | Womens Award | WomanSavers Blog | Womens Charities | Womens Chat | Womens Games | Womens Links Womens Network | Womens Newsletters | Womens Photo Album | Womens Poems | Womens Publicity | Womens Radio | Womens Recipes Womens Shopping | Womens Webring | Women Who Changed History

The comments on this site are property of their posters
Copyright (c) 2002 - 2014 - Womansavers.com - All Rights Reserved - Patent Pending